Lot: 67

Sale 100

Female helmet mask "tshimoana" ("tshimwana")

D. R. Congo, Biombo

Provenance Size Starting price / estimated price
Old German Collection
Galerie Möllenhof & Greve, Cologne, Germany
German Private Collection
Austria Auction Company, "Tribal Art 1", Vienna, 6 June 2017, Lot 64
H: 15.7 inch This object is not available anymore.

wood, colour pigments, base

The Biombo live at the confluence of the Lulua and Kasai rivers. Their culture is closely linked to that of the Kuba-Bushoong, Kete and Kasai-Pende.

According to Himmelheber, three types of Biombo masks can be distinguished: "munjinga", the messenger who appears first at dance festivals, the female mask "tshimoana" and "muluala", a mask with chameleon eyes that appears at funerals of important personalities (Himmelheber, 1960, p. 354).

"Tshimoana" is crowned by three appendages, which probably represent a traditional hairstyle of the Bena Biombo. Masks of the Biombo are usually dyed with red pigment "tukula" and bear black and white patterns in the cheek region. Around their necks they wear luxuriant collars made of raffia.

Himmelheber, Hans, Negerkunst und Negerkünstler, Würzburg 1960, p. 354